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Chinchilla 1906 last quarter

Darling Downs Gazette (Qld. : 1881 - 1922), Wednesday 3 October 1906, page 8


- The wheat crop; the dairying industry

CHINCHILLA. October 1.

The wheat  crop around Chinchilla (which is estimated at about 1500 acres) looks  splendid, and there is  every promise of a bounteous 'harvest. The only danger to be feared is that of too much rain, which would prove speciallly  harmful to the early crop. Given a reasonable season next year, there should be at least double the amount  of wheat  under crop.

Very few of the new settlers (who all intend to grow wheat) were in time  to get  their  land ready for this year’s planting. Almost all the wheat-growers adopt dairying in a greater or less degree, and the fact that, there is now a butter factory in Dalby should give a new impetus to this industry. A Southerner who recently purchased a  nice block of freehold land near Chinchilla is bringing over 450 dairy cattle in the near future, so that his dairy should be  an extensive one.

During my stay  in the district I visited several of the farms, and  was much struck with the healthy and flourishing appearance of all of them. Some of the wheat having been put in late, on account of the protracted dry weather which occurred about planting time, is somewhat backward, but looks well otherwise, and gives promise of a good yield. Some of the early varieties, however, look magnificent, particularly a patch of 55 acres owned by Mr H. Dukeman (sic). It is generally conceded to be one of the finest crops in the district, and is about 4and a half ft. high  already and commencing to ear. It is of the Budds' Early variety, and gives promise of an extraordinary yield.  Mr Dukeman has planted other varieties all looking well, and he grows lucerne as well. He also milks about 20 cows, and  expects to add to his dairy herd later in the season.

Many other farms, varying in area from 10 to 12 acres, were visited. The dairying herds numbering from 10 to 40 cows. They appeared to be thriving well, and the prediction may be  made  that, in a few years Chinchilla will be one of the most important agricultural and dairying centres on the Western Downs.


Signs of progress are also apparent in the town; new buildings, new faces, increased bustle and business all testifying that generally speaking Chinchilla 'has got a move on.'  An important addition to the buildings of the town  is Mr. L. L. Atkins' new store and office, which are just nearing completion. It is not long since Mr. Atkins had extensive sale-yards erected, and his latest enterprise shows that  he has every faith in the prosperity and progress of the  town. Most people will agree that his faith is by no means misplaced.


Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939), Saturday 6 October 1906, page 10

DALBY, September 27. . The Dalby Butter Factory w«s opened on Tuesday under favourable auspices. *ritfh a fair number of suppliers, ana under the management of Mr. Brady. The ■narket price, 9%d. per Ib. for commercial butter, is being paid.

Mr. J. Barkla  of Cowra, New South Wales, has purchased the grazing farms held by Mr. James Martin, Dalby, at the head of Charley's Creek, a few miles outside of Chinchilla. Mr. Barkla will bring with him a herd of dairy cattle and some draught stock.


Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), Tuesday 9 October 1906, page 2

The Chinchilla people are moving in the matter of the formation of a show society and are applying to the Lands Department for a grant of land for show purposes.


Darling Downs Gazette (Qld. : 1881 - 1922), Friday 12 October 1906, page 8


Portion  81v. parish of Jandowaie, was secured by Edward Stewart for the upset price- of £HHI. Apropos of land mutters, the area selected in the Chinchilla district alone since last March, is estimated at 163568 acres. This represents  about 83 families. The number 'of dairy cattle brought into this district  totals something like 1080 head, which speaks well for Chinchilla as a dairying centre.


Western Star and Roma Advertiser (Qld. : 1875 - 1948), Saturday 13 October 1906, page 3

The amount of business transacted at the land Commissioner's monthly court on Saturday is evidence that the demand  for Dalby district lands shows no falling off (says the " Herald"). The Chinchilla 20 acre township blocks were a big request, and went off like hot cakes. According to one estimate 103,568 acres have been selected in the Chinchilla district alone since March. ... This area represents about 83 selectors. The number of dairy cattle brought into the district durlng the same time, totals from 750 to l000 head.


Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld. : 1872 - 1947), Monday 15 October 1906, page 2

Hon. J. T. Bell.

Visit to Dalby District.

The- Minister for Lands, the Hon. J. T.Bell, was in his office this morning, after an absence of a few days, spent in the Dalby district. Mr. Bell visited Bell, .Chinchilla, Clifton, and Talgai, and other  places.  He states that there are nearly 40,000 acres of land to be opened up within the next few months in the district which will be served by the railway from Dalby to Bell. While at Chinchilla,  Mr. Bell saw some of the recent settlers in that locality. He found them hard at work, and promising to become most desirable additions to the ranks of Queenslanders. At Talgai, Mr Bell looked at a large reserve, overgrown with prickly pear, which a section of the residents desire to  see resumed, though others are opposed to that course being followed. .The matter will receive consideration in  the near future. A bore is being put down on the Bell township site, and if water is obtained, it will have a beneficial effect on the settlement. Mr. Bell also inspected a new road, which is about to be cut in that vicinity,


Darling Downs Gazette (Qld. : 1881 - 1922), Friday 19 October 1906, page 5


A Chinchilla correspondent, writing us under Monday's date says:— 'Fishing here, is getting very good,  and   many nice catches have been made. Mr. McLennan's little boy (aged 7) went out  to-day with  two  old fishermen, and caught  three fish to their, one.  Some very fine  cod have  been captured during the week. 


Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), Friday 19 October 1906, page 3


During the month the rainfall amounted to 4. 07in which was more than ample for all purposes Herbage is plentiful throughout the district, and all stock are looking well, no sign of any disease or ticks. Crops of wheat barley and oats have come on wonderfully during the month and are looking splendid with every promise of an excellent crop if the weather remains fine until harvest time. Throughout the district great activity prevails, clearing and fencing going on in all directions, with the demand for land increasing daily.


Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), Tuesday 23 October 1906, page 5


Sir-There is an old and trite saying that "Lookers on see most of the game” and lately in  the character of “one who looks on” I have had occasion to travel through a good deal of country that is badly infested with prickly pear, notably between Dalby and Chinchilla, and further on via Hawkwood and The Auburn. I have also watched the pest gradually overspreading the country along the Sandgate line, and creeping out between Ipswich and Churchill, on the Fassifern line, not to mention parts of our magnificent Downs country and many other places too numerous to mention.

There is, I know an argument that the pear is a valuable fodder plant but though we know of course that cattle do eat pear yet the amount they use is only as one drop from the ocean compared with the harm wrought by it and might fairly be considered as of about equal value with the plea that the rabbit is used for food, which is also true in a sense but also not worth comparing with the amount of ruin caused by them.

To see mile after mile of--in many instances--magnifícent country simply an impenetrable mass of the cursed weed--land that could  make thousands of farmers comfortable homes, given over to the “abomination and desolation’ causes one to pause and ask “What are our legislators about ?'

To-day in many places the danger could be coped with, given a few years it is hopeless. What are we to say to the future generations who ask for an account of our stewardship when we hand them their ruined inheritance?

Turning freshly from the desolation of the country, what do I see? ' Mr Bell’s proposed bill to acquire fresh land for closer settlement by resuming freehold properties.

There is another old saying “Let well alone,” so I should advise Mr Bell and his colleagues, if the freeholds are being worked to the satisfaction and  advantage of their owners. I say nothing of the injustice of trying to resume what has been bought honestly from the Government in former times at the then value of the said properties; that is, I should think, understood; but I say “Let well alone,” and tackle instead the problem of clearing and settling the valuable agricultural land infested by prickly pear--ie the land which is not yet too far destroyed to be reclaimed.  It would pay the Government to give the land to suitable settlors, for nothing; they would re-coup themselves over and over in the future by the increased values, besides fulfilling Mr Bell’s laudable object of “close settlement.”

Mr Bell travels through the country for many hundreds of miles and cannot shut his eves to the growing peril, yet we  hear next to nothing of the prickly pear lands and certainly no practical project for mitigating the evil. We have of course the Prickly pear Selection Act, but that goes no way towards meeting the urgent state of the case. The cry is, I know, want of means. Then why waste money on such as for instance the Boonah-Killarney road which would in any case be useful to but an infinitesimal number of people chiefly swagmen, for it is not even finished enough for the use of teams, if they needed it, which they do not. 1 cannot quote figures but surely the thousands spent on it might have cleared some of the comparatively sparsely infested areas, which could have been sold for the Crown at a suitable figure and been settled with the right sort of settler. I believe one plea for the road in question was work for the unemployed. That could equally as well been provided by the extermination of the pear and done the country a lasting service at the same time.

Of course in the distant future the large freeholds for close settlement may be needed, but we are not yet so crowded that there is not still room for all. If those large freeholds are not proving lucrative, the owners will soon cut them up them-selves as in many cases they are now doing. 1 understand a wise Government stands in loco parentis to its people and now that the harm is done, its aim should be to help its State and remedy the evil that has arisen through want of thought.

 Besides blaming the legislators one must also censure the stockowners for the ignorance and gross carelessness in letting the pear get its present hold--not so very many years ago a few pounds would have eradicated the pest, which will now cost thousands. Surely it might be considered wise to charge the lessees no rent for the prickly pear areas on the runs on condition the said lessees engaged to use the money so saved towards eradicating the pear, and it could, one would fancy, be easily arranged that the Crown rangers should see that the conditions were being fulfilled by periodic inspections. Then, as time goes on, conditions will improve and with improved conditions, there should be work and room for all, and instead of the senseless party cry of “A White Australia” it should be “A Prosperous Australia, for the Australians.” Hoping you can find space for my plea for the  necessity of our splendid but mismanaged country.

-I am, sir, &c., "ONE WHO LOOKS ON."


Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939), Saturday 27 October 1906, page 14

Mr. Ralph Clifton's new traction engine, which has been stuck up for the past week or more, owing to the wet weather, made a fresh start yesterday. Its destination is Mr. Clifton's property at Warra.

During the week a number of land seekers, sent by Mr. Pulsford from New South Wales, have been inspecting the Baking Board lands, in the vicinity of Chinchilla. The visitors appear very satisfied with the quality of the land, and, it is stated, they intend to apply for an area of about 8000 acres for group settlement .The party was under the leadership of Mr. Ireland, of Sydney.


Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), Tuesday 30 October 1906, page 2

DALBY, October 29

The  wheat crops in this district are looking splendid. Rust has made its appearance on the flag, but at present the prospects could not be better especially around Jondowaie and in the Chinchilla districts, where the crops are approaching maturity


Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), Thursday 1 November 1906, page 4

j Timber Supplies. j

The Director of* Forests (Mr. P.

MacMahon) has retafrned from a tour, during which he called at Toowoomba, aiid consulted with the timber merchants. He also visited Bell (near Dalby), the soutliern slopes of tile Bunya Mountains (u. timber reserve in the vicinity of Sharptop), the Chinchilla and Roma districts, and, out as far as Solitary Creek. Mr MacMahon states that, speaking generally, along the whole route the hardwood timber has be-come scarce, and it it necessary to draw supplies from some distance. < Further out, however, there are considerable areas of hardwood yet untouched, and 'even in the vicinity of the railway line, under fav-ourable circumstances, reproduction o' hardwood is taking place ; though, owing to the necessities of the Railway Depart-ment, a good deal of hardwood has been cut in the past for railway sleepers be-fore it was properly «matured. In many districts cypress nine was killed outright by the Ute drought.

The country is look-ing splondid, but prickly pear seems to Be obtaining a liold. especially between Warra and Chinchilla. A large area of country which"Sir. MacMahon noted twelve months ago to be absolutely clear of pear íb to-day covered with it. The remedy, however, is keeping pace with the disease, as a large amount of selection is taking place, and this is particularly noticeable in the Roma district, which Mr. MacMahon considers to be ideally situated for the settlement of agriculturists from Great Britain. The amount of clearing required being small, and the soil of the finest character for the crops which the British agriculturist is most accustomed to raise.


Darling Downs Gazette (Qld. : 1881 - 1922), Saturday 3 November 1906, page 4


The  postmaster (Mr. Stiller) advises that Chinchilla is now available for public trunk  line conversations. The rate from Toowoomba to Chinchilla is 1/10 for the first three minutes and 1/2 for every additional three minutes.


Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), Saturday 3 November 1906, page 15


To The Editor

Sir -I notice that during the passage of the Closer Settlement Bill through the House the Minister was asked on several occasions what he was driving at, or what properties he had in view to repurchase and cut up, and he did not reply. 1 firmly believe the first property he will go for will be Jimbour. I know the owners’ valuation is so much, and that their valuation was obtained from the most fair and reliable source in the country. And I also know that the Land Board have inspected and valued the county, and that their valuation does not come to anything like the value placed upon it by the owners. 'The Minister, knowing this, decides to buy Jimbour, and values it on the basis of the Land Board’s  valuation. This value the owners naturally object to, -and appeal against.

The appeal is taken to the Land Appeal Court, consisting of three members of the Land Board and a judge of the District Court. Now, these three gentlemen of the Appeal Court have already valued the property so what can the judge do? ' Is this British fair play ? No, it is nothing  more or less than confiscation.

Let the Government buy Jimbour, and Jondayan, for instance, by all means , but let  them pay a fair value for them. No one will object except the taxpayer, and they will know all about it by and by. It will take years and years before these properties are settled. Where, may I ask, are the settlers coming from? ' What does the Government propose to do with the land while they are finding buyers?

Even so, this repurchase scheme for settling people on the land--bad as it appears for the unfortunate owner--will be infinitely better than the silly way in which Southerners have been enticed to settle on the land they have taken up, around Warra and Chinchilla. It is only a matter of a very short time when these unfortunate settlers will realise what a trap they have fallen into. All the old hands that know the country well agree with me that this land is unfit for close  settlement.  Why is one man given the power to do so much harm as the Minister has done in that one direction alone?

If the earth hunger some members are so fond of quoting exists on the Downs, why have not the appllicants gone up the line and taken this Warra land ? Because in the first place very few exist, and secondly, the few that do have too much sense.

If you will allow me a little space I will give you one instance of the experience of a friend of mine had near Warra. He came over from Victoria some years ago, and brought with  him fifteen hundred golden sovereigns.  Somebody advised him to have a look at Warra lands.  He was much impressed with what he saw, and -- what he thought-- the cheapness of the country, and the foolishness of Queensland people to leave such country and go further afield. He took up 3440 acres at  10s. per acre,  payment extending over a long period. He thought  he had made his fortune, for he got the very best land, with beautiful river frontage. He brought  his  wife, two grown-up boys, and a girl over. They worked  hard on the place for ten years. One of the boys helped by going out carrying, and saved £.400 cash, which he put into the property, this being over and above the £1500 his father had put in. As time went on they found themselves getting behindhand, and getting deeper into debt. To make a long story short, after the family  had worked  hard at mixed farming for over ten years they had to clear out without a sixpence, and with a debt of £1000—the bank taking the place over. These were hard-working, hard- headed Victorian farmers, who came over and  were tempted in a good season with the price and look of the land. They bought their experience dearly enough ; surely others might profit by this. I have the authority to give my friends name if any one wishes it.

Of course, I will be accused of crying "stinking fish," and that in doing so I am injuring the State. Not at all. My  idea is that in this, as in all others matters, one cannot go wrong by  telling the truth. The Minister who brings people to his electorate, and settles them down on small acres,  purchased at a great deal more than  their values, is doing incalculable injury to the country.  When in a year or two these men realise that they have been entrapped thy (sic) will publicise the  fact far and wide, and create the worst impression in the Southern States  and other parts ; and this will take years to get over. Why is such  wanton bungling allowed ? The  Minister should know  that there is any quantity of first-class land in Queensland  available for settlement, but perhaps not in his electorate. We can do with any number of farmers, but they  should be advised properly and settled where there is a fair rainfall, and where the conditions are such that it is possible for them  to «make a living.-I an Sir &c ,



Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), Monday 5 November 1906, page 4


DALBY, November 3.

The Chinchilla Farmers’ Association are moving in the matter of having a butter factory established at Chinchilla. A telephone has been placed in the post office at the same township, which is a decidedly progressive centre.



Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939), Saturday 10 November 1906, page 14

GOONDIWINDI, November 6. Following are the latest stock passings :—440 dairy cattle and 28 horses from Cowra to Chinchilla, E. and J. Burkler (sic) owners ;


Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), Saturday 17 November 1906, page 6


TO the editor.

Sir,-As Mr, Kennard states in his recent correspondence the new settlers round Warra and Chinchilla will most probably be ruined, no one will come in for more opprobrium than myself, as nearly the whole of the more westerly part of the new settlement from Chinchilla out, is my doing. I may, perhaps, therefore be permitted a few words on the subject in general, and in particular to disprove Mr. Kennard's assertion that the " new settlers have been trapped and mis-led." It would be out of place for me to touch upon Mr. Kennard's political attack upon the hon. the Minister for Lands. On one simple matter of fact, however, I am entitled to speak; l I have never been influenced in the slightest degree to direct the tide of settlement towards the Minister's electorate.

I made my own first thorough inspection of the country in October, 1905, accompanied by a party of twenty-eight intending settlers. Our itinerary was arranged in consultation with the Minister. We went first to Degilbo and Gayndah, then the Kilkivan line, and, lastly, and with the "tail" of the party, we visited the Minister's electorate- Chinchilla. That the largest proportion of the settlement through me has taken place around Chinchilla, has been the result of the personal choice of the selectors themselves. I have given them the fullest information obtainable about each district, with absolute impartiality, and whenever I have ventured to advise it has been in favour of the Burnett district, and further, the  department has given my men as good facilities to visit one district as another.

The Chinchilla settlers have been neither trapped nor misled. Some of them, I fancy, might took threateningly at Mr. Kennard if he suggested to their face that any one on these parts was capable of trapping them. I have been complimented time after time on the moderation and impartiality of the reports I have circulated. Amongst the information I have published has been the rainfall figures month by month for Chinchilla (and other districts) for ten years. Not a picked ten years, but the last ten, including the big drought. In publishing recently some eulogistic letters from settlers I even explained, in print, that their impressions of the country had been obtained in an exceptional season and a cool summer. There are, however, too many of the Kennard stamp of pessimist about in trains and country hotels and they are too free with their opinions for the new men to get '' trapped." The new men are familiar with these pessimistic ideas about the country, and--well, they are prepared to back their own more healthy notions. I remember, on one occasion, oven the Minister himself ventured the opinion that the particular area fixed upon by a new-comer at Chinchilla was not too good. The selector in question merely replied, "_Well, we shall see who is right."

These men are probably  better judges of land than Mr. Kennard, and I shall give below some of their opinions. But  meanwhile 1 may well ask what does Mr. Kennard know about the agricultural possibilities of Chinchilla? What do " all the old hands" know about it, seeing that  hitherto agriculture has scarcely been attempted  there?   Why, very little of the country was even ringbarked twelve months ago, and this alone makes a vast difference in country. Recently a Mr. P. F. Berkeley, from New South Wales, inspected unimproved country at Miles and considered it poor. But on inspecting adjoining country, ringbarked something over twelve months, he immediately decided to select.

Against the opinion of  M r. Kennard and " all of the old hands," 1 now wish to quote some of the new settlers. Mr. James Grimmett came to  me with Intro-ductions from leading people of Parkes, N.S.W., speaking of him as a successful and capable farmer. The District Surveyor wrote that he had been many years land value appraiser for the Government. Mr. Grimmett writes me :-" In my opinion these lands (Chinchilla) are very suitable for wheat-growing, sheep-farming, fruit-growing, and dairying, and offer splendid opportunities for practical men who wish to obtain land for any or all these purposes."

Mr. Thomas Hicks was a wheat farmer at Young. Other residents of his district have told me he was regarded locally as one of the most capable farmers in the district. He writes:--" Taking a big scope of country, it is as good as anything 1 have seen, though  my  experience includes England, South Africa, New Zealand, and all the States except Tasmania. ... I have seen some good patches of corn at Chinchilla, also some splendid oranges, lemons, and mandarins. . . . I am prepared to say that the country on Charley’s, Nudly, and Burncluith Creeks can equal the Darling Downs or New South Wales, on account of the different classes of soil, for the Downs soil is a heavy rich black, apt to crack in dry weather, and soil which clacks loses moisture readily--the Chinchilla soil does not crack . A lot of the Queensland people scarcely know the value of their land around Chinchilla. When this country is rung it will be a  great country to stand dry weather.

Mr R J Warren comes from Narromine New South Wales. He has had experience in New South Wales, Victoria, and New Zealand, and brought with him to Chinchilla--some pledge that he is a successful practical man and no theorist--200 head of cattle and a steam separating plant. I discussed Mr Kennards views with him a few days ago while  on his way to lodge his applications. He laughed at them. Some of his friends, he said, were starting at Chinchilla on as little as £150 and, said he, " They cannot fail ' Mir. Warren, I might odd, went first  to  the Burnett (Gayndah), but Chinchîlla was his ultimate deliberate choice.

Mr G F Bolton, of Young, New South Wales, is another farmer as to whose knowledge, experience, and success I have independent testimony.  After seeing the country in October 1905, when it was very dry indeed, he  wrote  me --"I have travelled considerably since I was in Queensland, and I have seen nothing I like better than Chinchilla country for mixed farming. I have been in the following districts -Temora, Bland, Narromine, Trangie, Grenfell, and Dubbo and I say, without a doubt, that once the Chinchilla country is fairly tested it will prove equal, if not superior, to any of the places I have mentioned ".

I could multiply this testimony, but your space is valuable. I will only add that if Mr Kennard will give me particulars of any Crown lands cheaper and more advantageously situated than those at Chinchilla I shall direct intending settlers to them, and feel confident that neither the Minister nor the Department will put any obstacle in the way.

-I am, sir, &c. FRANK E. PULSFORD. 147 George-street, November 15.


Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), Monday 19 November 1906, page 4



Sir,-If you will once more allow me a small space 1 should like to reply briefly to Mr. Pulsford's letter of today's date.  What 1 have written previously was only written to try and save for the country the very excellent stamp of men that 1 thought the Minister for Lands was settling on very indifferent country. No one will be more pleased than myself if these farmers make a huge success of these farms, and prove that 1 am absolutely wrong in my opinion of the country. I notice Mi. Pulsford in to-day’s " Courier" shoulders a good deal of the responsibility of haying settled the farmers he mentions at Chinchilla. My reason for believing the Minister was to blame for it was that I knew it was in his electorate, and that he had taken an active part in the matter, and that he stated in the House that some settlers had come over from the South and travelled over the Downs, where there was no land to be got; this, with the evidence he had before him, was abominably misleading.

If, as Mr. Pulsford says, he, and not the Minister, is responsible for a good deal of the settlement about Chinchilla, I withdraw my accusation of selfishness, on this point. The letters from the farmers which Mr. Pulsford quotes are most pleasing reading, and I only hope that they are correct in their great opinion of the country, and I heartily wish them every good luck and success, and that their ambitions may be more than realised.

Does it not strike you, Mr. Editor that if this Government land around Warra, Chinchilla, and Dulacca, of which we have hundreds of thousands of acres lying idle, every year getting worse and worse with prickly pear, is so good as Mr. Pulsford and his Southern farmer friends claim for it, the Closer Settlement Bill now before the House is rather unnecessary.

There was no occasion for Mr. Pulsford's rude statement classing me as a railway and country hotel pessimist. When 1 stated that those southern settlers had been trapped, I thought 1 had made it clear that they were being entrapped by the apparent cheapness the goodness of the soil, and the marvellous seasons that district has enjoyed these last two years -

yours, &«. STANLEY B. KENNARD. November 17.


Darling Downs Gazette (Qld. : 1881 - 1922), Tuesday 20 November 1906, page 6


The rainfall has been heavy, the upper Condamine being rendered impassable for stock for about ten  days. Herbage is plentiful. The wheat and barley is looking splendid and promise a record  crop. Maize looks well everywhere.' .Several cases of illness among stock which is apparently pleuro --- one post mortem revealing this disease in an advanced stage, The pig- industry  promises to be important. Dairying is increasing rapidly, and a large output of cream is expected in the near future.


Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), Saturday 24 November 1906, page 10

. Sir,-In a letter which appeared in your issue of 3rd instant Mr. Stanley B. Kennard makes some very rash and misleading statements with reference to the Warra and Chinchilla lands. After criticising the provisions of the Closer Settlement Bill and the action of the Minister in connection with land settlement, he says, referring to Southerners who have settled on the lands around Warra and Chinchilla : " It is only a matter of a very short time when these unfortunate selectors will realise what a trap they have fallen into, as all the old hands who know the country agree with me that the land is unfit for close settlement,'' and he gives an instance of an experience which a friend of his had near Warra. This friend came from Victoria some years ago, bringing with him 1500 golden sovereigns ; he was advised to have a look at Warra (this was long before Mr. Bell had anything to do with the Lands Department) ; he inspected the land, and was so much impressed with what he saw that he took up 3440 acres of the very best land, with beautiful river frontage. He brought over his wife, two sons, and a daughter, and thought his fortune was made. After working hard for ten years at mixed farming, and putting his £1500, besides £400 earned by one of his sons, into the business, they had to leave the place in the hands of the bank with a debt of £1000 upon it.

 Mr Kennard says his friends, were hard-headed Victorian farmers and  he has their authority to 'give their names, but if he  has any respect for his friends 1 imagine he had better not do so. As “Settler” writing in your issue of 10th instant truly says: “This is a poor illustration to damn a  whole district with.” And against it may be put the following, which refers to the same locality and appeared in the Queensland Agricultural Journal of October 1899 :-A small former at Warra writing to this journal says - ' I must say 1 have made a very good living during the last few years by mixed farming. I have been wine-making, and growing potatoes corn and various kinds of fruit and vegetables. 1 started in 1885 and worked on the railway line till 1 got things in order on the farm, which consists of 130 acres. I only utilise 100 acres, as sixty acres are still standing scrub. Fifteen acres are cultivated with ordinary crops and ten acres are devoted to garden and orchard. Last year I made 280 gallons of wine, which 1 sold at 6s per gallon (£84) .1 sold two  tons of grapes l and a half d per lb ( £28 5s ) Onions brought me in £10; oranges £13; pigs £.10 honey  1 and a half tons at 2d per lb. (£28) other fruit trees £12. Milk and butter from seven cows bring the total income to over £200. 1 work the farm with my tow sons, and we grow everything we require for our own use besides. I have now one acre of brown Spanish onions growing also one acre of silverskin pickling onions. 1 ought to do well out of these as my ground is particularly well adapted for onions Last season 1 was late in sowing the seed or I should have realised £20 per ton. The maize was a comparative failure, as I only got eleven bags from five acres, a little over eight bushels per acre.

 I should mention that my ten acres of garden is divided as follows -Two acres grapes; four acres of fruit trees of various kinds; two acres of potatoes, two acres of onions. From this short summary you will see that I am making what 1 consider a very comfortable living. I have been farming and gardening all my life, with the exception of twelve and a half years, when I worked at other pursuits to enable me to raise money enough to make a start. When I did start people told me 1 would not be able to grow stuff enough to feed a snipe --I have proved them to be wrong. My land was all scrub, overrun with wallabies, and there was not a blade of grass to be seen anywhere. Now it is practically flowing with milk and honey--it is a second Canaan, and I have never regretted taking it up , it has turned out a real success The reason people fail at small farming is that they know nothing about the business. They start with the belief that any ignoramus can work a farm, and by-and-by they find out that they require a knowledge of the work to enable them to succeed. I think I have opened the eyes of the croakers, and now several good men are following my lead. '

These are two plain cases, and I ask your readers to look upon this picture and upon that, and judge which indicates the hard-headed and hard-working man.

1 am, sir &c, _EXPERIENTIA DOCET.


 Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939), Saturday 24 November 1906, page 33

TOOWOOMBA. Rainy weather has been experienced during the month. Water and herbage is abundant throughout the district. Stock generally are in good condition and healthy, a few cases of blackleg and some cases of redwater at Chinchilla being reported, while some pigs suffering from tuberculosis were condemned. Stock are in good demand, cattle and horses commanding high prices, draught horses bringing £40 to £45, horses of 13 and 14 years £36, stores £5 to £5/10/. Wheat, barley, oats, lucerne, and potatoes promise a splendid yield. Maize looks strong and healthy, but rust has occurred among a few wheat crops. The dairying industry continues to improve, good cream being received generally at the factories, though there are some cases of inferior cream being received. There is a good export trade done in pork just at present in the district.


Darling Downs Gazette (Qld. : 1881 - 1922), Friday 30 November 1906, page 7

CHINCHILLA BUTTER COMPANY. A Chinchilla Co-operative Butter  Company has been formed, with  a capital of  £2,500 in  £1 shares and directors have  been appointed. Mr. Barcla  has been elected chairman. There is every probability  of the capital  being subscribed  and the company 'floated without outside financial assistance.

 Messrs. W. H. Wilkinson,  in conjunction with Mr. L. L. Atkins, held a successful stock sale at Chinchilla last week. 410  head of cattle were offered, and  350 were,  sold. Dairy heifers made  from .£5 5s to £6 10s ; 2 and a half year old steers, up to £5 14s; yearling steers, from £3 to. £4 11s'. 68 head of horses were also offered, and 61 were -sold. A fine draught, the property of Mr. R. C. Rose, topped the. market at  £26.


Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), Thursday 6 December 1906, page 4

DALBY, December ó.

'A very successful sale of town allotments is reported from Chinchilla, -where the assistant land agent, Mr. Byrne, submitted nineteen quarter-acre lots, the reserve prices being £20 to £40. Every lot was sold, the highest price being £73, or nearly double the upset price.


Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), Friday 7 December 1906, page 2

The following reserves have been pro-claimed :- 2 acres at Miles, for school of arts (trustees, P. J. Lynagh, W. S. Addi-son, and T. J. Geary) ;; 1 rood 8 perches at Chinchilla, for school of arts ;


Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), Friday 14 December 1906, page 2

It is reported that a trout weighing 71b was caught in the Condamine at Chinchilla last week with hook and line by Mr Pharoe. Presumably the fish was washed down from the upper reaches of the river during recent floods.


Darling Downs Gazette (Qld. : 1881 - 1922), Thursday 20 December 1906, page 7


Several showers of rain fell during the month, and grass is everywhere plentiful.. Stock are generally healthy, and at a recent sale of 500 head of cattle and 90 horses— the largest sale ever held, at Chinchilla —satisfactory prices were realised.  Dairying is increasing, 537 dairy cows having come into the district during the month, 450 being from New South Wales. A butter factory is to be erected at Chinchilla on the cooperative system. Harvesting is in full swing. As much as 9 bags of barley from some 30 acres near Chinchilla, was harvested, while an average yield  of wheat of about  5 and a half bags per acre seems assured.





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